Joint statement of Presidents Luiz In?cio Lula da Silva and Hugo Ch?vez Fr?as
Joint statement of Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Hugo Chávez Frías at the end of the meeting in the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, May 26, 2009
In keeping with the practice of quarterly presidential meetings, which began in 2007, Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Hugo Chávez met in Salvador, Bahia state, Brazil, on May 26, 2009.
Upon the occasion they reviewed the common topics comprising the bilateral agenda, approved agreements for the purpose of cooperation in diverse areas, and examined the implementation of the decisions made since the first quarterly presidential meeting.
Regional and international issues were also discussed. At the end of the meeting, the presidents did the following:
Saluted the work of the joint actions, in various fields, which have generated positive, concrete, and visible results in the short term, in the areas of endogenous industrial development, integration of production chains, production of food, commercial exchange, energy cooperation and a number of initiatives in the social area;
Thanked the governor of Bahia, Jaques Wagner, for his hospitality, and highlighted initiatives promoted by the state of Bahia with the Venezuelan government and with the government of the state of Aragua, which resulted in the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between the state of Bahia and the state of Aragua for development of economic, commercial, tourism, cultural, educational and healthcare integration;
1. MERCOSUR and the Program of Commercial Liberalization
Confirmed the commitment to regional integration and the importance of Venezuela’s joining for the strengthening of MERCOSUR, in its political, economic, and cultural dimensions.
Noted with satisfaction the decision to make the official announcement of an ad hoc Working Group created by Decision CMC 12/07 with the purpose of treating the pending themes relating to Cultural Rules, Common Nomenclature of MERCOSUR, and Common External Tariffs; in this area, Brazil and Venezuela propose a system of adequacy for Venezuela between 2014 and 2018;
Congratulated the conclusion of the negotiation over the Program of Commercial Liberalization in the context of the Protocol of the Addition of Venezuela to MERCOSUR, achieved on the 19 and 20 in Brasilia, and the 25 of May in Salvador;
2. Industrial Cooperation
Recalled that the installation of ABDI and ABIMAQ in Caracas stimulated the industrial development of Venezuelan and will propel the commercial exchange between the two countries, in the framework of economic and productive integration;
Saluted, on behalf of ABDI, the providers of Brazilian goods and services that could participate in the 7 industrial sectors prioritized for the industrial development of Venezuela in the “200 Socialist Factories Plan”;
Expressed their satisfaction with the signing of the Work Program for Scientific, Technological, and Industrial Cooperation that gives continuity to the objectives established in the Program of Industrial Cooperation signed in December 2007;
3. Agriculture and Food Products
Declared their intention to continue with necessary actions for the development of agriculture in Venezuela to work toward food security in the region;
Saluted the conclusion of the first stage of Project SOYA, in the state of Anzoátegui (Venezuela), with the participation of EMBRAPA that will contribute to the self-sufficiency of Venezuela in harvesting;
Saluted the continuity of bilateral cooperation projects in livestock and agro-industry, in the framework of the agreement signed in January of 2009 in Maracaibo;
Expressed the satisfaction with the steps taken, led by EMBRAPA and INIA, for production initiatives in family agriculture of citrus, yucca, and coffee;
Highlighted the relevance of implementing joint initiatives for the production of consumables for the food industry;
Congratulated PEQUIVEN-BRASKEM for its construction project in Venezuela of an ammonia and urea factory, whose technical viability assessment was concluded;
Saluted the establishment of an experimental station with bi-national management in Venezuelan territory of the units of EMBRAPA/Roraima and of INIA/Bolivar to promote exchange of agricultural technology for common problems in border regions;
Expressed satisfaction with the signing of the Work Program between the Ministries of People’s Power for Agriculture and Land, and Nutrition of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela that will promote exchanges to develop a National Strategic Plan for family agriculture;
4. Energy Cooperation
Noted with satisfaction the deepening of bilateral relations in the energy sector;
Congratulated the signing of the Extension of the Contract of Association of PETROBRAS and PDVSA in the Abreu e Lima Refinery;
Expressed satisfaction with the work being accomplished in forming a mixed enterprise in the construction of the Abreu e Lima Refinery;
Reiterated their intention to stimulate common projects in the energy sector, taking advantage of the complementarities between Brazil and Venezuela to construct a regional environment of growing energy security;
Congratulated the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding between Pequiven and Braskem for the implementation of the installation of the Petrochemical Pole of Camaçari, in the state of Bahia (Brazil) and, the signing of the addendum of the Letter of Intention signed in January 2009;
Congratulated the signing of the Letter of Intention between the National Electric Corporation (CORPOELEC) and the business Queiroz Galvao for the construction of Dam of Las Cuevas Central Las Coloradas, corresponding to the second stage of development of the Uribante Caparo Hydroelectric Complex;
Expressed their approval of the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding between PDVSA and the Norberto Odebrecht Construction firm for the creation of a strategic alliance to create businesses that will lend engineering and construction services;
Expressed their satisfaction with the advances reached in supplying gas from Venezuela to Brazil, as well as the growing cooperation of PDVSA Industrial and ABIMAQ;
Highlighted the potential of other energy sectors for the development and deepening of bilateral relations; among them electrical interconnection and cooperation in the production of bio-combustibles.
5. Digital TV
Noted the accomplishment at a technical meeting to present to the Venezuelan authorities the ISDB-T system (Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting Terrestrial) of Digital TV with Brazilian innovations;
President Lula thanked President Chávez and his team, headed by the Minister of People’s Power for Science, Technology, and Light Industry, Jesse Chacón, for the opportunity to demonstrate the great advantages of the ISDB-T system with Brazilian innovations, especially for low cost telecommunications service access to lower income populations;
President Lula declared that, in the case that Venezuela adopts ISDB-T with Brazilian innovation, Brazil will release rights of authorship of the interactive software “Ginga” developed with domestic technology in order to reduce the costs of adoption of the system in other countries in the region.
Recalled the importance of development of technology and audiovisual production in all South America based on a common digital TV format;
6. Regional and Bilateral Commerce
Reiterated the importance of regional commerce, in particular, bilateral commerce in order to maintain current levels of growth before the expected reduction in demand of developed economies;
Recommended a meeting of the Bilateral Commercial Monitoring Commission, a fundamental tool to evaluate the smooth flow of the exchange;
7. Cooperation in Banking and Housing
Reiterated the importance of bilateral cooperation in housing to be marked by a broad vision of the process of urbanization of neighborhoods, not limited to the construction of housing, but also the promotion of economic dynamism of the affected communities, and the social inclusion and strengthening of the citizenry;
Celebrated the signing of the Agreements of Cooperation in the areas of housing and the universalizing of bank services that will allow the populations currently outside the banking system to benefit from access to credit and banking;
Expressed their satisfaction with the signing of the Letter of Intention that consolidates the advances in the negotiation of two urbanization projects in sectors of metropolitan Caracas to be developed with the Ministry of People’s Power for Public Works and Housing and by Caixa Econômica Federal;
Expressed their satisfaction with the opening of the Office of Representation of the Caixa Econômica Federal in Caracas and a service center of Caixa Econômica Federal in Pacaraima, in the Brazilian state of Roraima, which should contribute to the strengthening of institutional cooperation between Brazil and Venezuela and support border communities;
8. Science, Technology, and Industry
Recommended that the competent authorities advance in the establishment of joint work programs in biotechnology, telemedicine, and tele-education in order to bring new technology and knowledge to traditionally excluded populations;
Agreed to a meeting on industrial cooperation between delegations of both countries during the first two weeks of June 2009;
Agreed upon the importance of evaluating joint projects in medium industry to develop the southern zone of Venezuela and the north of Brazil;
9. Border Integration
Saluted the dynamisms of the initiatives to promote border integration, the first stage of bilateral integration;
Recalled the contribution of the 8th Meeting on the Subject of Ground Transportation (Sao Paulo, February 2009), the 9th Meeting of the Working Group on Border Development – GTDF (Caracas, March 2009) and the Subgroup on Border Health – STSF (Santa Elena de Uairén, May 2009);
The development work in the GTDF benefits the populations of the border localities of Santa Elena de Uairén and Pacaraima, through the execution of projects based on a model of integration that takes into account the conservation of the environment and the respect of the indigenous communities of both countries. The heads of states reiterated the commitment to hold the 10th Bi-National Meeting of the GTDF in Brazil in September of 2009.
As practical results of border integration, they named the beginning of the border schools project and the fiber optic interconnection between the states of Roraima and Bolivar.
Venezuela repeated its commitments to the presidential meeting to be held in Caracas in June 2008 in order to reactivate the High Level Bi-National Commission (COBAN).
The presidents saluted the understanding between the president of the National Economic and Social Development Bank (BNDES) of Brazil, Luciano Coutinho, and the Minister of Economy and Finances of Venezuela, Alí Rodriguez, with the purpose of expanding the lines of financing and the limits of the guarantees of new projects of investment in infrastructure in Venezuela with investment and technologies from Brazil.
Regarding the life and work of Oscar Niemeyer, citizen of the Americas and creator, by his work, which is a world where art can be enjoyed by citizens of all social classes; the presidents demonstrated their satisfaction with the accomplishments of the exhibit in the Museum of Contemporary Art in Caracas, which began the 21 of May.
They also congratulated the accomplishments of the Venezuelan Cultural Fair and the Public Library of Salvador de Bahia, which brought Venezuelan traditions and especially those of the state of Aragua to the people of Salvador..
12. Regional Themes
The presidents positively evaluated the new spirit of dialogue and cooperation that was verified at the V Summit of the Americas in Trinidad and Tobago in April of 2009. They expressed their expectation that political contacts made at the event would mark the beginning of an era of better bilateral relations based on mutual respect and in the disposition of mutually beneficial cooperation and conducive to the construction of a new positive agenda among the countries of the Americas, which includes social and economic development as political priorities.
They stated the relevance of the Conference of High Functionaries of the Summit of Latin America and the Caribbean (CALC) regarding the financial crisis (Santiago, Chile, June 13);
13. Financial Crisis
Saluted the resistance of developing economies to the negative effects of the financial crisis;
Recalled the necessity to take steps to increase internal economic activity and the flow of regional commerce and investment;
14. Bank of the South
Saluted the conclusion of negotiations to create the Bank of the South in Buenos Aires that will permit the signing of a Constitutive Agreement;
The Bank of the South will represent a behavioral change for regional financial institutions, in which financing for the benefit of the society is more important than profit.
15. South America – Africa Summit
Expressed their great expectations for the II South America – Africa Summit in which 65 nations will participate to be held in Caracas the 18 and 19 of September;
They emphasized the pride of Brazil and Venezuela for the African contribution to the formation of their respective national identities. They emphasized the convergent visions of both continents, highlighting the use of the international commerce for development, consolidation of peace and security by peaceful means, the fight against hunger and poverty, the reform of multilateral institutions to strengthen the voice of the South and the energy cooperation.
The presidents agreed to hold the next bilateral meeting in Venezuela in September 2009.
Ministry of People’s Power for Foreign Affairs / Salvador de Bahía, Brazil, May 26, 2009