The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela once again advocated the urgent reform of the United Nations and the Security Council to the UN General Assembly. Venezuela considers it an “unavoidable goal” in light of the challenges and opportunities in the fields of peace, security, and social and economic development.
Retaking the mantle that President Hugo Chávez Frías proposed in September 2005 before the UN General Assembly, Ambassador Jorge Valero, the Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs for North America and Multilateral Affairs and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela’s permanent representative to the UN, insisted on UN and Security Council reform on Thursday because the power relations within those bodies, particularly in the Security Council, undermine the democratic foundations of global society.
During his speech on a debate about the “Question of Equal Representation in the Security Council, the Expansion of the Number of Its Members and Related Questions,” which took place during the 63rd session of the General Assembly, Ambassador Valero emphasized that the Security Council’s superposition in decisions rejects the protagonism of the General Assembly, the so-called G-192, on pressing issues that affect the human species and its relationship with nature, which, he warned, undermines the democratic foundations of global representation.
“It is therefore proposed that the United Nations, and in particular the Security Council, with the participation of member states and in strict compliance with the norms and principles of international law, respond to the opportunities and challenges in the fields of peace, security and development,” he emphasized.
The Ambassador indicated that changes in the international arena reaffirm the need to adapt the UN and its bodies to current realities, derived from a period of changes that transcend history, such as: the collapse of unilateralism to make way for multilateralism in the handling of world affairs; the disintegration of unipolarity and imperial predominance in favor of plurality in international relations; and the crisis of global dimensions undermining capitalism and its ideology, neo-liberalism, with effects that cannot be hidden—the financial, food and environmental crises—and demand the construction of a new world order based on solidarity, equality, freedom and social justice.
“That is why President Hugo Chávez Frías has repeatedly expressed the need to promote a comprehensive reform of the Security Council that proposes expanding both categories—permanent and non-permanent members, the elimination of the veto and the improvement of its work methodology, with the aim of transforming it into a representative, democratic and transparent agency,” he explained.
Ambassador Valero said that strengthening the role of the General Assembly, as a universal voice of the political wills of countries, is necessary for the democratization of the UN. In this context, he recognized the efforts of current General Assembly President, Miguel d’Escoto of Nicaragua, who has encouraged the organization towards reaching a general agreement that answers the principal worries of member states.
Permanent Representation of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to the UN, Embassy of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Press Office / January 30, 2009