is a country of notable artists and great writers, some of whom are word
has several art museums.First
among all is the Sofía Imber Museum of Contemporary Art.It is one of the best museums in Latin America.
Caracas Museum of Fine Arts (Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas) was founded in
1939.It contains a large
collection of Latin American and Venezuelan art.Next to the MBA is the National Gallery of Art (Galería Nacional de
Arte) dedicated exclusively to Venezuelan art.
Ciudad Bolívar, is the Jesús Soto Museum.It gathers the majestic work of this great Venezuelan kinetic artists,
together with works by European artists.
is a country of great painters.Arturo
Michelena, Cristóbal Rojas and Martín Tovar y Tovar stand among the leading
artist of the XIX Century.
Reverón can be considered one of the great painters of the XX century.He studied in Madrid and in Paris.Upon
his return to Venezuela, he began a process of un-learning that led him to
finding a personal style that defined him and made him famous.Human figures somehow ghostly, sea and landscapes where light, on
generally ocher backgrounds, are treated in an original manner.
Cabré and Pedro Angel González succeeded in depicting the many tones of the
magic mountain of Caracas, El Avila.
Venezuela’s contemporary artists three of them deserve special mention:
Alejandro Otero, Jesús Soto and Carlos Cruz Diez.
artists have excelled admirably also in sculpture. Among them,Marisol, whose work “The Last Supper” is in New York’s Metropolitan
literature has produced some outstanding writers.A
special reference should be made of Rómulo Gallegos, author of Doña Bárbara,
Cantaclaro, El Forastero, La Trepadora, Pobre Negro, Canaima, Reinaldo Solar,
and Sobre la MismaTierra.Savagery against civilization,
the civil wars, the power of the jungle and the mirage of prairies, the advent
of petroleum, man and his struggle or enchantment with nature, are all central
themes to Gallegos’ writings.
Venezuelan novelists are Enrique Bernardo Núñez, Arturo Uslar Pietri,
Guillermo Meneses, and Salvador Garmendia.
the field of the essay, the most notable and profound 20th Century Venezuelan
writer is Mariano Picón Salas.
is the autor of “ Regreso de Tres Mundos”; “Europa-América”, Preguntas
a la Esfinge de la Cultura; Miranda; Pedro Claver, El Santo de los Esclavos; De
la Conquista a la Independencia and of countless essays in which culture and
history are interpreted.
the field of the performing arts Venezuela has produced some outstanding
dancers, musicians, movie directors and theater groups.
has five professional symphonic orchestras, among them: Orquesta Sinfónica
Venezuela, Orquesta Simón Bolívar, Orquesta Sinfónica Municipal, Filarmónica
de Caracas and Mariscal de Ayacucho plus several high quality youth and
orchestras. The Teatro Teresa Carreno is the most important performing arts
center of the country presenting opera, ballet, classical and popular concerts
and drama .
states’ capitals also have their own orchestras, often of great artistic
quality, such as the Orquesta Sinfónica de Maracaibo.
the field of musical composition and direction a number of Venezuelan talents
have obtained international recognition during recent years.
the Venezuelan dance movement has produced outstanding companies, such as the
Ballet Nacional de Caracas, Ballet Nuevo Mundo, Ballet Contemporáneo,Danzahoy, and Contradanza.
the 1970’s, Venezuela witnessed a cinematographic boom that has led to the
production of movies of a notable artistic and technical quality.