beautiful valley, as bountiful as it is merry and as delectable as it is
delightful, was how, 300 years ago, Jose Oviedo y Baños described the place
where Diego de Losada founded Caracas on July 25, 1567.
the years the small town surrounded by the mountains and foothills, which were
the homeland of natives like the Mariches, the Tarmas, and the Teques, became
the heart of the entire territory that was eventually to be known as Venezuela.
the foot of its steepest slopes, nearly two centuries ago, was born the greatest
of its children: Simón Bolívar, The Liberator of America, the father and
protector of five countries. Also
from its womb sprang Andrés Bello, who in the last century became America’s
leading intellectual light, and Francisco de Miranda, a hero of the French
Revolution and a precursor of the New World independence.
Caracas is the seat of power in the country, the center of Venezuelas’s
cultural advances, the progress and development of a young nation striving to
tame the million square kilometers, which from the Amazons to the Caribbean
constitute the inalienable birthright of all its inhabitants.
today is a cosmopolitan city with its share of problems and achievements, whose
shifting patterns have over the past forty years made it a metropolis of tall
buildings and verdant residential areas which rank it among one of the major
Latin American capitals.